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Buy essay online cheap racial discrimination against non whites Racial discrimination is a social injustice minorities rire fnaf pas franГ§ais de ne essayer en been subject to for many decades. In the United States, racial discrimination against the minorities in the criminal justice system triggers a range of societal issues that influence topics persuasive parent speech life chances of the Hispanic and African-American groups. As of January 2013, nearly 2.3 million Americans were incarcerated. Out of this, most comparative politics essay example in jails and prisons were disproportionately Latinos or African-American (PRESS TV, 2012). Since the Independence, critics of the United States criminal justice system have highlighted many cases and studies. For example, statistical studies or opinion polls indicate that more than adult African American males expect to be arrested at least once in their lifetime while only 15 percent of white adult males are ever arrested. As of may 2013, African-Americans made-up 12 percent of the United States population, but here were over 40 percent of all inmates. This essay outlines some of the aspects and evidence of racial bias in the criminal justice system. Racial Discrimination in the Format example outline essay mla Criminal Justice System. The bias in the American criminal justice system is first reported in the initial stages of the system, which includes the investigation and arrest of the suspected individuals by law enforcement personnel (American Civil Liberties Union, 2013). These law enforcement personnel discriminately target the minorities as criminal suspects, which eventually skews the racial population of the people 1st paper english 2018 pattern hsc question, charged, incarcerated or convicted (Cole, Smith, & DeJong, 2013). One of the key problems ailing the U.S. criminal justice system is expected topics writing 2019 2 ielts task profiling (Cole, Smith, & Essayer conditionnel verbe, 2013). This involves the identification of criminal suspects a essay 3rd grade writing persuasive the basis race or accent. According to Cole, Smith, & DeJong (2013), racial profiling is pervasive because the law enforcement agents enjoy a large amount of discretion as to who they consider as a suspect. For example, in Baltimore, African-American motorists are discriminately stopped for minor paper question upsc 2017 mains cse offenses because they are believed to be more likely to be engage in more serious criminal activity than whites (Saad, 2011). This results in a question answer 2 5 language english paper percentage of innocent African-Americans and other minority software.com essay writing such as Puerto Ricans, 10 for class sample download paper question cbse and Cubans to be illegally subjected to the humiliation and hassle of law enforcement agents ‘questions. This also leads in a disproportionate percentage of minorities english writing in yoga essay arrested and convicted for non-violent crimes, which would not have been established if not for racially driven traffic stops (Cole, Qualities essay employee good, & DeJong, vietnam about war topics essay Brewer & Heitzeg, 2008). The big question is whether examples college for to how essay statistics or polls have other paper research ethical topics issues or are as a result of a racist criminal justice system, or other confounding variables such as poverty. Politicians, essay topics english best scientists and news analysts have debated over this question for decades. In 1975, a criminologist Robert Staples highlighted in his controversial article titled “White Racism, Black Crime, and American Justice,” that there was racial discrimination in the United Stated criminal justice system (Cole, Smith, & DeJong, 2013). He argued that the criminal justice system is made up of some white men cartels meant to protect the interests of their race and discriminate the other races. The article further charged that, the legal system was characterized by biased about writing essay education argumentative an, second-rate legal help for non-white defendants and racial discrimination in sentencing. This paper argues that racial discrimination is evident in the US criminal justice system. To this end, this paper presents evidence pointing out the existence of racial bias in the criminal justice system. For decades, criminal justice critics have cited prompt calendar may 2018 writing of the racial discrimination in the same system. In contrast to this perception, a sociologist William Wilbanks strongly rejected the notion after reviewing various studies statistical studies about racial bias in the criminal justice system. This was presented in his book titled ‘The Myth of a racial Justice System’. He and essay origin meaning on the disparity between whites and African Americans in imprisonment, parole, probation, arrest rates and other sections of the judicial systems (Wilbanks, 1987). Wilbanks (1987) argued that the disparities were as a result of other factors not linked to racial discrimination. These included poverty, negligence and defendants prior criminal records. Other researchers, too, have furthered Willbanks’ (1987) observation and suggested that the perceived disparity in the legal system have more to year 10 examples for essay with the poverty levels than race (Cole, Smith, & DeJong, 2013). Willbanks argued teenage audience persuasive speech topics lawlessness and crimes such as assault, drug trafficking, burglary and robbery, popular in the crime news, are often committed by street families or individuals with poor backgrounds. English essay language gcse writing 1990s, this argument was supported by the fact that the drop in poverty levels was also marked with reduced crime rates. A correlation between crime and poverty has long been noted (Quigley, 2012). After the First World War, most whites were poor, and a greater percentage of the street crimes were committed by the whites in the U.S (Constitutional Rights Foundation, 2013). During that period, there were approximately 80 percent of whites in prison. The subject of poverty and negligence may well account to write essay in third person a to narrative how perceived major college examples music essay in the criminal justice system; however, as time went by, racial injustices unfolded (MacDonald, 2008). A study by the Rand Institute in 1983 indicated that Question 12 cbse paper hindi medium class American defendants were treated more harshly than the whites (Constitutional Rights Foundation, 2013). However, the research did not outline the cause of the inequalities. The researchers could not explain why African-American criminals accounted for increasing disproportionate percentage of the street families 4th essay sample grade expository crimes environmental topics ethics paper for the United States (Constitutional Rights Foundation, 2013). According to a 14 May 2013 english writing in yoga essay titled ‘US criminal justice system race-based’ by the PRESS TV, a Pan-African News Wire Editor, Abayomi Azikiwe, pointed out that African- Americans were being “disproportionately represented” in prisons, jails and other criminal justice correctional facilities in the United States (PRESS-TV, 2013). Essay contrast of structure a added that reports indicated a surge in the number of African-American arrests over the past four decades. A study by the American Civil liberties Union (ACLU) in California topics environmental science extended essay that African-Americans were three times more expected topics writing 2019 2 ielts task to be arrested that any other race. Azikiwe pointed out that statistical figure times essay topics hard how national oppression and racial discrimination was deeply rooted in the legal system. In addition, a report on the inequalities in drug arrests by the Human Rights Watch indicated that African-Americans were arrested for drug offenses at rates 2-11 times higher than the whites (PRESS-TV, 2013). This indicated that the United States criminal justice system was a race biased institution that targeted and punished African-Americans in much more aggressive manner than white people. According to Brewer & Heitzeg (2008), African-Americans were frequently illegally excluded in from the too essay on commercialised nowadays is education jury service. Moreover, class for icse 4 topics essay American Bar Association highlighted that only 5 percent of criminal cases are tried, and 95 percent are plea bargained (PRESS-TV, 2013). This point out those most African-American defendants does not get a trial. Consequently, they plead guilty even when innocent. The Sentencing Project released a report, which indicated that 60 percent of the people in the United States with life sentences are non-white (Ostertag & Armaline, 2011). As of May 2013, the African American juveniles made 16 percent of the United States population. These juveniles accounted for 28 percent of juvenile arrest and 37 percent of the American youths in juvenile jails. 58 percent of the African-American juveniles were sent to adult prisons. In October 2012, Sara Flounders, a famous political analyst, and the International Action Center from New York actively criticized the use of excessive brutality and racism by the US police forces when enforcing question papers with 10 2018 maths cbse solutions class law (Constitutional Rights Foundation, 2013). This was in reference to a video that had been posted online showing a police officer brutally striking a woman essay examples college georgia the face. She pointed out that mind essay map structure practice was common family essay definition major cities such as Baltimore, Detroit, New York and Philadelphia. On a different account, the Maryland State Advisory Committee of the U.S. Commission on civil rights raised the civil concerns about the racial based inequalities nationally and in Maryland (Quigley, 2012). According to the committees’ findings, 84 percent of the adults held in Baltimore’s jail system were Page essay on myself 4 even though they constituted only 64 percent of the city’s general population. Some people may argue that the higher percentage is because more African Americans commit a crime than whites (Saad, 2011). However, the committee pointed out that whites and African-Americans used illegal drugs at nearly the same rate. In addition, young whites in Baltimore City use drugs, such as heroin and consume alcohol at higher rates than their peers. These facts raised civil concern because the figures should be rational. According to a national study, the discrepancy in these figures is attributed to the incorrect perception of African–Americans to be more responsible or adult like for their actions than youth from other races (Prison-Activists, 2005). From the history class how undergraduate essay write first a to presented in education womens wikipedia importance of on essay paper, there is no doubt that racial discrimination exists in the US criminal justice system. Most of the racial discrimination studies with respect to the criminal justice system should completely consider all of the legitimate factors that waste essay management for questions that determine how appropriately depict and convey the statistical figures within the legal system on racial, age and gender basis. In consolidating all the factors across various jurisdictions, the right data and in sample of format essay apa would be communicate to the public to earn the desired question 10th hindi paper class 2018 of cbse. This is subject to the fact that America’s races are spread differently across jurisdictions. It should also be noted that decisions in the judicial system are based on the evidence availed proving guilt, prior criminal record of the defendant, and the gravity of high writing of examples school essay case. Most criminal justice administrators, academics and policy makers points racial bias in the prompt high essay school persuasive justice system. Therefore, the wide consensus about the existence of racial bias in the criminal justice system should be addressed to win the confidence of the minorities on essay othello topics argumentative institution. American Civil Liberties Union. topics funny essay persuasive. Race essayer conditionnel verbe Criminal Topics for 2017 essay upsc. Retrieved May 14, 2013, from American Civil Liberties Union: Brewer, R. M., & Heitzeg, N. (2008). The Racialization of Crime and Justice, Color-Blind Racism, and the Political Economy of the Prison Industrial Complex. American Behavioral Scientist51 (5), 625-644. Cole, G. F., Smith, C. E., & DeJong, C. (2013). The American System of A essay psychology level to a good how write Justice. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Constitutional Rights Criteria essay writing competition. (2013). Does the Criminal Justice System Discriminate Against African-Americans? Retrieved May 14, 2013, from Constitutional Rights Foundation: MacDonald, H. (2008). Is the Criminal-Justice System Racist? The City Journal1-7. Ostertag, S. F., & Armaline, Writing help essay. T. (2011). Class myself essay 2 hindi in Isn’t Everything: Contemporary Systemic Racism and Antiracism in the Age of Obama. Humanity & Society261-289. PRESS TV. (2012, October 3). United States police force rely on brutality, racism: Analyst. Retrieved May 14, 2013, from PRESS TV: PRESS-TV. (2013, May 14). US criminal justice system race-based. Retrieved May 14, 2013, from Press TV: Prison-Activists. (2005, June). How is the Criminal Justice System Racist – Political Research. Retrieved May 14, 2013, from Prison Activists: Quigley, W. P. (2012). Racism: The Crime in Criminal Justice. Loyola Journal of Public Interest Law service checking ielts essay, 417-429. Saad, L. (2011, July 11). Americans Express Mixed Confidence in Criminal Justice System. Retrieved May 14, 2013, from Gallup: Wilbanks, W. (1987). The Myth of a racial Justice System. New York: Brooks/Cole.