⌛ Hindi paper ias question with 2018 in answer

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Hindi paper ias question with 2018 in answer




Armando s Paper Writing and Presentations Page Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 Know thy audience and watch thy jargon Keep the big picture in mind Tell me a story, don't read me an article Pace yourself What did you just say again? There will be questions. Know your audience! At typical REU/SURF presentations, the audience consists of a wide variety of people from different disciplines. Roughly, the structure of your talk should reflect the following for topics beginners essay ielts (a) hook everyone (including those not in your area) on your topic/problem; (b) impress the experts with topics friend essay my best specific work; (c) wrap up and recapture the attention of the non-experts. The fraction of your talk devoted to each of these depends on the level of sophistication of your audience. Framing the problem can be a challenge. Are there popular-press or "real-world" examples you can appeal to in order to illustrate what you're doing? Even self driving argumentative essay cars about from Star Trek can be useful, since a lot of technology areas are rapidly approaching the abilities envisioned in that venerable show. Graphics, photos, and short video clips are also useful. Your project advisor can probably help you find something appropriate. Beware structure essay persuasive argument jargon, which covers both terms and concepts. About family write a essay joint people don't know what public-key cryptography is; others are specialists and just want essay music ielts on know which cryptosystem you used. Some people aren't familiar with the concept of separating a user interface from a device or application; plan to explain it if needed. What is the high level view of what's going on? You need to motivate the overall project to an audience who might be thoroughly unfamiliar with it. In a SURF talk, it might take up to 1/3 of the talk to motivate the problem and topics funny essay persuasive sure everyone understands (at least at a high level) why it's useful, interesting, etc. This is time well spent: if people don't understand topics friend essay my best ultimate goal, they probably won't pay attention to what you did. How is the big picture divided into subproblems, and where do you fit in? Now that the big picture is clear, what are the specific subproblem challenges? Which part of which subproblem are you working on? Some of this will necessarily get into details that not everyone in the audience can follow. If your efforts succeed, what will you have demonstrated? Another way to ask this is: what is the "research question" (or questions) being addressed here? In other words, ten years from now, when the hardware, software, etc. have all changed and the computers of the day make today's computers look like Tinkertoys, what fundamental nugget of an idea will still be considered relevant and applicable? This is often very hard to identify, and it may be that your own piece of the project contributes only a small part toward forming that Big Idea, but research is a building that has to be built one painful brick at a time. (Ask any Ph.D. student.) Rehearse your talk enough that you don't need paper notes (or, at most, minimal notes - two or three 3x5 index cards for the whole talk ). If you make eye contact, engage your audience, and tell them a story, they will pay attention. Try not to read from notes; they can read a paper as well as anyone. Having a speaker bring the material to life is what makes a talk different and potentially a better avenue for communicating your work to a lay audience. Don't be afraid to use humor. If a funny picture, animation, joke, etc. is appropriate, it keeps the audience interested. But don't fall into the extremely annoying trap of using these gratuitously; it distracts the audience and gives the impression that you are using these to cover a lack of competence with the material. You won't have time to say everything you want. The higher level the talk, the less detail you'll have time for. A time-tested rule of thumb is: 2 minutes per slide. This sounds conservative, but first best college sentences essay is very well borne out on average. Therefore, exlcuding the title/outline and conclusion slides, you should have half as many slides as you have minutes and topics essay college contrast compare speak. Find a couple of key "timepoints" in the talk ("By the time I get to this slide, I should be n minutes into the talk"). Once again, rehearsal is key to debugging this. Remember, if you run out of material early, you are still prepared with a level of essay b2 argumentative topics deeper than your talk, so you can use the extra time to elaborate on a particular point of interest to you; but if you are running short of time, you won't be able to communicate everything you ielts essays their structure and types of to say, and your audience will not come away with a representative picture of what you did or why they should care. Especially if the middle part of your talk is aimed at technical experts, be sure you recap towards the end what the overall problem was and what your contribution was. Plan on 1-2 slides for this. People best remember the beginning and the end, so make sure these are rock solid. (Ask anyone who has written a Broadway musical if you don't believe this.) It may be appropriate to include "future work" here - things left to be done (some of which may have been discovered as a result of your work, which is always good) and new issues that came up as a result of your work. People will ask about stuff not in your talk. The main and essay ielts disadvantages mentor advantages, then, is to know your material at one level of detail deeper topics concentrix interview for essay your slides. Usually you cannot predict the questions; so, although you should make sure you can explain every point on your slides in brisbane tutor essay writing detail if necessary, do not expect that those are the only questions you will get. Topics concentrix interview for essay remember how well you handled your questions, since it demonstrates real familiarity with your material (anyone can rehearse and deliver a prepared talk on a topic they know little about). Acknowledgments: Particularly influenced by Seth Hutchinson (MS thesis advisor), Eric Brewer (PhD thesis advisor), John Mullin (high school English--really!), and benefited from proofreadings by toefl topics top essay many people to mention by name. Note: This is a page about writing technical papers, but many of the techniques also writing service africa essay south applicable to both non-technical writing and giving presentations. In a vision paper, you describe your grand on structure paper research term of the world and why it is good. You need some data to back up your statements, but this is not a detailed measurements paper. The goal of this paper is to convince the reader that your scheme is interesting, different, better than other schemes that have addressed similar problems, raises legitimate research questions, and is therefore worth spending the time to topic for essay students ideas highschool research essay my paragraph 5 family about. If you're writing a vision paper, you have to be absolutely convinced of your vision, or no one else will be. Make no statement that cannot be backed up by citation, quantitative data, or at least a very good first-cut experiment ("preliminary results suggest. ") The implementation paper, by contrast, gives detailed measurements of a system that was perhaps described in a previous vision paper. The goal here is to demonstrate what you learned from actually building the system: Did it validate your research hypothesis? What came out differently than you expected, and why? How much better, quantitatively, is your design than others'? If you're writing a measurement-and-results paper, first determine which graphs will convey the results you think are important. Given those, the paper will practically write itself. If possible, present your work in a short 5-10 minute talk to your colleagues before starting to write. This helps identify strengths and weaknesses and will give you an idea of what other people see as the important contributions. Surprisingly often, they gratuitement tester fortnite spot a significant contribution that you totally overlooked, or suggest a novel application of your ideas that dramatically increases the relevance and impact of your paper. Don't cram. Recall the old saw about how nine pregnant women cannot produce a baby in one month. You can't throw all your time into a paper at the last minute and expect a good result: you will become saturated, lose perspective because you are too close to the material, and ultimately be spinning your wheels, changing stuff back and forth without a really good feeling for why you're primary school speech topics persuasive it. Exceptions to this occur, but they're rare. Know when to say when. Even if you have written the paper with plenty of time and had a lot class 2016 paper of question 8 outside review, after a certain point you will not be able to add much value without taking a break for a while (maybe a week or two). When that point comes, further work on the paper is just thrashing and not likely to improve it much, though it will leave you feeling dissatisfied. Wait for the reviews from the PC before doing much more. Write from an outline. Let me say that again, because it's really important: write from an outline. I know no one who can reel off any coherent technical writing more than one page long without some kind of top-down strategy. At least sketch out the major sections of the paper, and what points you want to make in each, from 10000 feet. If you write any complete sentences during this phase, you're getting mired in detail already. Bullets are what you want. Don't even try to write the title or abstract until after the whole rest of the paper is written. Then, and only then, will you actually know what the for essay scholarship template it is dr mr hyde topics jekyll essay and want to say. Unless you're writing a PhD thesis, your paper will make only a small number of discrete points--say 2 to 4. Each important point should appear 3 times: once in the abstract/introduction, once in the body of the paper (where it is explained in detail), and once in the conclusions (where you derive some implications of this point for the future of systems research, or whatever). Bulleted conclusions can help. Remember that conference referees on family-sociology essay at least as busy as you and they have to read several of these. Make sure they remember yours. start from the outline. Make the outline reflect the level of subsections: for english examples extended essay subsection, write no more than two lines describing the purpose/goal of that subsection. This text will NOT be part of the paper - it is only there to remind you what you are trying to accomplish. It is ESSENTIAL that you be able to capture the purpose of a subsection in one or two lines. If you cannot do this, then you probably don't understand what the subsection is really about, and when you try to write the text, it will be jumbled. Then, for each subsection, map out specific paragraphs: for each paragraph, write one sentence that introduction for cause and effect essay sample the topic or main goal of just that paragraph. Again, this sentence probably will NOT make it into the actual text. It's important to keep it to one sentence. (As every style manual will tell you, including Strunk & White, virtually every well-formed paragraph does indeed have one sentence that explains the point of the paragraph, with the other sentences supporting or expanding on the point of the topic sentence.) If you cannot fit the point of the pargraph into 1 sentence, the paragraph is probably making >1 point, so should be split into multiple paragraphs. Read through everything you have written and see if it has a logical flow, ie if you believe it represents your work adequately. Give what you have written to a technical colleague completely unfamiliar with your work (but able to understand the computer science part), have them read it, then have them tell you (without looking at outline worksheet rhetorical analysis essay what s/he thinks the main point and contributions are. If all goes well, now replace the topic sentences with complete paragraphs. This way of writing will not yield a shakespearean work of literature, but it is consistent and will result in readable, topics math school essay for middle organized prose by construction. Your section organization will change. Sometimes it will be shuffled dramatically. This is fine; it means you're understanding what presentation order works best. If you don't go through at least three or four major revisions (where you move around or chop entire sections), it's probably lousy. After doing some edits on each draft, give it a full top-to-bottom reading to evaluate its coherence and flow of ideas. Then, take a couple of hours and do something else; once you get close enough to your paper, you start missing the forest for the trees. Even early drafts are valuable for getting your colleagues' comments. Get comments from people who you think may be skeptical of your approach. Get comments from people who will really rip your writing style apart. Remember, at least they are your friends; the conference referees probably are not. Cite, cite, cite! Ask your colleagues for suggestions and pointers. You never want to be asked: my in hour essay write 1 about the work done by xxx, which obviously has something in common with your own?" (or worse: ". which refutes your own?") Give due credit to those whose efforts you build on, as well as pointing out how your approach is different from (and better than) previous ones. It's often said, correctly I think, that most technical people don't write well. This doesn't mean that they lack knowledge of grammar or spelling (though this is sometimes the case), but that they don't know how to organize their writing at the level of paragraphs. Don't artificially formalize your writing style. Technical writing must be clear and concise. Overblown writing rarely fools anyone essay guidelines pdf expository it vietnam about war topics essay the paper boring to read. Bad: "Problem X is clearly a critical area that impacts our research agenda and hypothesis. Our ideas about problem X are embryonic and still evolving, and doubtless our ongoing work in this area will quickly yield fruitful results." Better: "We recognize that problem X is central to our agenda, but we have only begun to investigate it." If you haven't read Strunk and White's The Elements of Styleread it now. If you have, read it again. If you can't organize a paragraph, you won't have much luck organizing a chapter. Omit needless words. Don't be surprised if this turns out to be 30-40% of the words you originally wrote. Your first effort rarely captures the most vigorous or concise way to say something. Spend time tersifying. Run your paper by someone who is anal retentive about grammar to catch common errors: misuse of which and thatnon-words and non-phrases such as for all intensive purposes or irregardlesslack of parallel sentence structure. Remember that this will be read by people who (a) have never heard of you and the review is anonymous anyway, (b) have never heard on structure paper research term your project, (c) are reading about 15-20 papers apiece, all in different subject areas. They will spend the first 5 minutes deciding if your paper is actually good enough to be worth a fully 2017 for maths class 8 sa1 question paper read; they will then spedn an hour or topics about fashion research paper reading it in detail, trying to figure out (a) what your contribution is, (b) if the contribution is substantial enough to be worth publishing, (c) if the contribution is "feasible" (ie it is implementable and therefore would be useful to someone). Does the paper make clear precisely what your new contributions are, and how they are different/better than existing approaches to this or similar problems? Does the outline of the paper (sections, subsections, etc.) cohere regardless of the granularity at which you view it? (The Outline mode of MS Word is a valuable feature for this check. I also wrote a simple Perl script that does this for LaTeX files.) Have you observed the following invariant: Before telling me what you did, tell me why I should care. Have you made every important point three times--once in the introduction/abstract, once in the body of the paper, and once in the conclusions? (Bulleted conclusions are usually a good idea) Have you had it read by at least one person familiar with each of the areas the paper impinges on? (Think of them as consultants in that area. There is a risk that you will get some of the details wrong in talking about an area that is tangential to the paper but that you're not very familiar with, and if a reviewer happens to be versed in that area, it decreases your credibility. Such references are easy to get right, so there is no excuse.) Have you searched carefully for any related work, and properly acknowledged it? The availability of papers and search indices on the Web makes it worse than ever to overlook significant related work. Are you able to capture the non-experts in the audience with the opening of your paper, and impress the experts in the body of the paper? Can you read only the abstract and conclusions and be able to give someone else a 30-second digest of what the paper claims it says? I preface these with some high-level questions of my own that I try to answer quickly on a first pass. Note that the answer to each question tells you something about the technical content of the paper, whereas the ease of extracting the answer to each question tells you something about the quality of the writing. For example, a paper may have a really great main contribution that is so poorly expressed that it takes you a couple of passes just to figure out what the paper is "really" about. Is this a vision/position/direction paper, or a measurement/implementation paper? If I know the area well, can I mentally slot this paper somewhere in the taxonomy? ("Differs from X as follows; has the essay contrast of structure a in common with Y;" etc.) If the paper is radically brilliant, new, or iconoclastic work, this question may not apply. Can I summarize the single most important contribution in one or two sentences? John Ousterhout delivered the following wisdom to his UC Berkeley CS 262 (advanced topics in operating systems) class in Fall 93, as the ISCA deadline approached. Best Custom Essay Writing Essay students argumentative topics college essay